2014. április 17. csütörtök

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An Introduction to Biharugra PDF Nyomtatás Email
   
    Biharugra is situated in the north-western corner of Békés County, where the borders of Hajdú-Bihar and Békés counties meet with the Hungarian-Romanian state border.

Biharugra

  For almost a thousand years the settlement was part of Bihar County. The geography of the region was formed by the flow of the river Sebes-Körös. Swamps surrounded higher ground, which was suitable for human habitation. The area was ideal for animal husbandry, agriculture, fishing and hunting. Archaeological evidence of human settlements dating back to the Bronze Age and even earlier periods has been found in modern day Biharugra. In the 12-13th centuries monasteries were erected in Biharugra's coat of armsthe area around which scores of villages appeared, amongst them Ugra. Although it had been pillaged and destroyed by the Tartar hordes, it was later rebuilt and survived bloody warsBiharugra and one hundred years of Ottoman occupation until 1660, when it was again raised to the ground. After the Turkish occupiers had been driven out, the village revived once again. Agriculture was profitable business for the landowning families, but social change was slow to come for the villagers. Serfdom was only abolished in 1863, and even after that land remained the property of the ruling feudal families. The former serves became landless hired labourers for whom land reform only came after World War2. However, in the meantime two entrepreneurs started to buy up land with the aim to Fishpondsturn it into a large artificial system of lakes for fish farming, which eventually turned into the second biggest venture of its kind in Hungary. After World War2 the lakes were nationalized and later became part of a co-operative farm, which in the 1990s were re-privatized. The lakes are home to a wide variety of wild birds and are under nature protection.
    In the early 1950s Biharugra was attached to Békés County. Nowadays Biharugra is a member of the Sarkad Multi-purpose Small Regional Association, which in turn is part of the wider Dél-Alföld Region.The number of Biharugra’s inhabitants, is currently 1100. Most of them are followers of the Reformed Church, but there is a small Baptist community as well. Agricultural Agricultureactivities, such as crop farming and animal husbandry are the main sources of income for most people, although there are some commercial enterprises too. The biggest single employer, providing 32 jobs, is the local authority together with its different institutions. The local authority runs Biharugra’s kindergarten, school, library, IT and civic centre. It also provides a daily meal service for those who require it. The standard of the health and medical provisions of Biharugra are excellent. Since the majority of the residents are elderly, social service provisions are at the forefront of the local authorities considerations.
    Biharugra has Natural environmenta unique natural environment and cultural heritage. The village is surrounded by huge artificial lakes created for fish farming. With their surface area totalling 2000 acres they constitute the second biggest system of artificially created fish farming lakes in Hungary. The lakes and the meadowlands, which are under nature protection, are parts of the Kis-Sárrét region of the Körös-Maros National Park.
In the centre of the village the building of the reformed church and the adjoining parsonage, as well as the manor house of the Bölöny family deserve special attention. There are also several old barns and cottages, which are under local protection.
        The local community is proud of the memory of the Kossuth Prize winning author, Pál Szabó, who was a leading figure of the Hungarian “Volkisch” writers’ movement in the 1930s. Szabó PálThe upkeep of the Pál Szabó Memorial House is jointly managed by the local authority and the administrative body responsible Folkdance groupfor the museums of the different Hungarian counties.
    There are several active civic organizations in the village, amongst them a folkdance group, an ensemble of folksingers and a pensioners’ organization.
For the future, the community and its representatives in the local authority have two objectives; to strengthen the cross border cooperation with the nearby Romanian settlements and to build upon the touristic potentials of the village.
 

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